今天是2020年3月31日 星期二
校史館>>內容頁
第一部分 职业教育之萌芽 (1928—1949)
添加時間:2013-01-04 08:08:34          点击次数:13370          字體:

第一部分  职业教育之萌芽 (1928—1949)

  辛亥革命和1919年爆發的“五四”愛國運動,喚醒了中華民族的仁人志士。一批倡導新文化的青年知識分子,在西方工業革命和俄國“十月革命”的影響下,抱著“教育興國”、“實業救國”的理想,不斷投身新民主主義運動。1917年,黃炎培先生在上海創辦中華職業教育社,從此,“使無業者有業,有業者樂業”的職業教育思想在中國大地迅速傳播開來。

  1928年,北京女子師範學校畢業的吳雲芳女士,聯絡陝西教育界名人在西安成立了“西安第一女子平民職業學校”。1935年正式納入國家國民教育序列並易名“陝西省私立培華女子初級染織科職業學校”,成爲陝西省當年唯一的女子職業學校。1945年,爲擴展專業和擴大招生獲准更名“西安培華職業學院”。

Early last century in China, it was the Xinhai Revolution (Year 1911) and the May 4th Movement which took place in May 1919 that awakened groups of young and energetic Chinese with lofty ideals. They were the first group of young and educated Chinese intellectuals who strived to advocate a new culture. With the influence of the October Revolution of Russia and the industrialization movement in the West, they held strong ideals of “Education for the Future Prospect of China” and “Industrial and National Rejuvenation,” engaging themselves in the New Democratic Movement. In 1917, Mr. Huang Yanpei established the China National Vocational Education Society in Shanghai with the ideal principle of “Making the Unemployed Be Employed and the Employed Work in Peace and Contentment.” Thus, in short time, his ideas and thoughts were widely spread and accepted in China. 

In 1928, Madame Wu Yunfang, a recent graduate from Beijing Women’s Normal School, started a campaign by organizing the celebrities in Shaanxi’s education sector, and established the First Civil Women’s Vocational School in Xian. In 1935, it was officially incorporated into the national education system and the school was renamed as the Shaanxi Private Peihua Women’s Primary Weaving and Dyeing Vocational School. It was the first and only women’s vocational school in Shaanxi Province at that time. In 1945, with governmental approval, the school was renamed Xian Peihua Vocational School as its curriculum expanded and enrollment increased. 

■ 培華的前身——西安第一女子平民職業學校

■ 培華初級女職

■ 培華職業學校